Use Of Backup Tapes In Computer Forensics

The field of Computer Forensic work is very closely associated with data recovery from data storage media such as USB pens and hard disk drives. However there is a lot of information that is not stored on a data disk but is in fact stored on data tapes. In fact throughout the world the largest amount of data is stored on data tapes. Therefore is this kind of information and its storage facility any use to those in the computer forensic field?

Most of us are aware that the hard disk drive of a computer holds the most current information available as well as a variety of other forensically valuable data such as local temporary files and internet history records. So if you have the hard disk drive is there any reason to look at backup data tapes?

With computer forensic work there is often a background investigation conducted meaning that it is preferable that the less people that are involved is the choice to conduct the investigation. Where there is the ability to use data that is from a tape archive it is often a way to carry out an investigation more discretely and does not require that entire systems must be seized. When it is possible to locate data backup tapes this is an option to conduct an investigation or audit with the potential to do so without alerting those being investigated or audited.

With an audit for example the disruption spreads further than that business or person being audited and raises fear in others and being able to covertly carry out the data analysis, prior to any investigative results, reduces any stress or loss of morale of others who are not perhaps directly involved.

Data in local systems comes and goes and can often be replaced, especially where this is the intention of the business or person being investigated. Back up data information provides a snap-shot of a system or systems and therefore provides a historical record. Therefore if there is an attempt to remove information from a local system and that information was previously stored on a back up system then that information will be able to be recovered within the backup data tape.

Those who specialize in this form of investigation will work back through the backup data tapes and can therefore gain a greater insight into any system abuse or illegal behavior that may have taken place. Unless the person who is attempting to erase information has a great knowledge of the system and erasure techniques then the information that is being sought, if it in fact exists, should be located within the backup infrastructure.

Those conducting the investigation of the data must have knowledge of the backup infrastructure itself. There is likely to be a significant amount of information stored within backup tapes so knowledge of how to process this information to reduce the search time requirements is a key factor. This is especially important relating to cost factors as well as man-power and time to conduct any investigation or audit.

As an example, if there are 3000 tapes that require 3 hours each to read completely and you could use 10 systems with 80% operating time this would mean the required time to read the 3000 tapes would be approximately 50 days. This does not take into account the requirement to actually analyze and organize the data itself.

In these cases a pre-scanning system for the specific type of tape and system is required to reduce the actual time for identification of the data on each of the tapes. When this is effectively carried out the time can be reduced from 3 hours per tape down to approximately 15 minutes per tape. That therefore reduces the time period from 50 days to around 4 days for the reading of the data.

The point being that while the data tapes hold the information required a suitable system must be available to sort and categorize the information to eliminate irrelevant data and only leave those investigating the tapes the information that they require to complete a more thorough analysis of the relevant facts.

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An Introduction To Computer Forensics

Computer Forensics is the process of investigating electronic devices or computer media for the purpose of discovering and analyzing available, deleted, or “hidden” information that may serve as useful evidence in supporting both claims and defenses of a legal matter as well as it can helpful when data have been accidentally deleted or lost due to hardware failure.

However, this is a very old technique but now it has been changed a lot because of technological advances, modern tools and software’s which makes Computer Forensics much easier for Computer Forensic Experts to find & restore more evidence/data faster and with more accuracy.

Computer forensics has change the way digital evidence is gathered & used as evidence of a crime & it is done using advanced techniques and technologies. A computer forensic expert uses these techniques to discover evidence from an electronic storage device for a possible crime. The data can be from any kind of electronic device like Pen drives, discs, tapes, handhelds, PDAs, memory stick, Emails, logs, hidden or deleted files etc.

Most of us think that deleting a file or history will remove it completely from the hard disk drive. In realty, it only removes the file from the location but the actual file still remains on your computer. It is easier to track what has been done on your computer but difficult to say by whom though it is possible to alter or delete the data completely from your storage device. It depends on computer forensic expert’s skills how well he can find and restore the data without any loss or change.

Computer forensics got widespread attention during the Enron scandal widely believed to be the biggest computer forensics investigation ever. Nowadays Computer Forensics & Electronic discovery is becoming a standard part of litigation of all types, especially large litigations involving corporate matters in which there are large amounts of data.

Computer forensics can be used to uncover a fraud, unauthorized use of a computer, violation of company policies, inadequate record keeping etc… by tracking e-mails, chat-history, files, tapes, sites people browse or any other form of electronic communications.

Data security is one of the biggest issues that the corporate world is facing now by publishing company’s internet/policies & consequences for violations, signing of compliance documents by employees. Businesses can initiate monitoring their own computer systems to avoid legal consequences in future. Making employees aware that monitoring software and Computer forensics personnel are available could prevent workers from wrong doing.

With the use of computers in everyday life and increasing amount of hi-tech crimes, Computer forensics is a growing niche in the litigation support sector. Unlike many jobs in information technology sector, chances are that computer forensics services will not be outsourced to other country because of the confidentiality of the data business which will not allow it to travel just to save a little cash.

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Basic Tips And Advice For Computer Forensic Beginners

Being a hardware intensive job, being a computer forensics expert would require you to have a solid foundation of computer hardware, architecture and storage media. Being an expert grows in confidence and possesses high skill levels with the amount of experience gained. As a beginner, there are a few things you have to keep a check on, with the purpose of ensuring that you do not falter at a later stage in the operation.

In the beginning, you have to ensure that you have defined the scope of the case correctly. You are required to work out and anticipate the kind of equipment that you might encounter in the case.

It is important because you might want to carry some important devices and software with you at the crime scene with the aim of starting work on the case at once. Thus, if you do not wish to loose out on time, it is preferable to bring all of the related tools that you might need in order to start on the case right away.

Besides that, you need to re-check all possible sources of evidence as detail as possible. This can be an obvious exercise, but it is better completed than said, especially when you are dealing with high-tech technological equipment. These ultra small storage devices, slim disks and a frighteningly large number of equipment makes searching for evidence an even more daunting task. The task of searching for concrete evidence at all possible places becomes even more awkward when an intrusion or crime has been made over the network.

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Understanding The Importance Of Computer Forensics Training

For a long time, the only types of crime people were fighting included home and business burglaries, car thefts, and personal assaults but now with almost every home and business using computers, another avenue has been opened. Computer crime has reached unbelievable heights that something had to be done. As a means of keeping criminals at bay, people can now attend school for computer forensics training.

If this were something you find interesting, you would discover that you could look at any number of colleges and universities and find that computer forensics training is a part of the standard curriculum. These programs are designed to provide you with all the expertise needed so you could perform in-depth research and capture data to find computer hackers and other criminals. With this, these individuals could be successfully prosecuted. Computers play vital roles in businesses around the world and of every size and industry so learning how to protect companies, along with personal computers is vital.

Training provided for computer forensics training is diverse and exciting. When finished with your education, you would know how to recover hidden data, as well as any encrypted or deleted files. In addition, this type of training would help you identify illegal activity and by using only small hints that linger on the computer hard drive. Professionals in this field work with specialized software and tools, using their computer forensics training to make a difference by recovering vital and proprietary information that would otherwise be lost.

Depending on the program, the educational institution and the objective of the courses, the duration of computer forensics training could even take years. There are also some admittance conditions for people eager to become specialists in such applied sciences.

Computer forensics training is broken down into a number of levels. For instance, the basics for this particular type of study would include having knowledge of computers as a science, Windows Operating System, and so on. In some instances, a computer science degree would be required but if you were going into basic computer forensics, you may only need a certificate. However, if you plan to become a top-level specialist or computer scientists, the amount of computer forensics training would be much more intense.

Most often, people that get involved with a career surrounding computer forensics have some type of experience with network administration, Windows, or even information security. Of course, the type and extent of computer forensics training would depend on your ultimate career goal. Once you complete the required education, you would receive a certificate and/or become licensed as a computer forensic specialist at some level. With that, you would have the qualifications, as well as authorization to begin investigations specific to computer crimes, helping law enforcement prosecute computer criminals.

This means that someone who gets certification, is in fact authorized to perform forensic investigations that are admitted in courts of law. The custom computer forensics training could thus help one make a decent living by working with various companies and corporations.

Remember, building a career with your computer forensics training is exciting and you would have multiple avenues to consider. As you enter the world and begin to put your skills to work, you would feel gratified knowing you are doing something good. Just remember that while computer forensics is adventurous and a career that does make a difference in fighting crime, it typically involves long hours of work. Having the opportunity to protect companies while putting criminals in jail, makes the time and money spent going through computer forensics training worth it.

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Careers Opportunities After Computer Forensics Training

We live in a world in which computer crimes are common occurrence, and the alarming rates of criminal activity on IT systems has led to a higher demand for experts in the field of computer forensics. In fact, statistics and the job growth rate for the last five years will prove that computer forensics is one of the professional domains with the most promising careers. This is the factor that has influenced the creation of lots of programs for computer forensics training in education institutions, leading to the appearance of IT specialists that can serve the purposes of the legal system against hackers.

There are very many types of courses included in the category of computer forensics training; they teach students how to recover deleted files, encrypted or intentionally hidden data, but also help people understand and cope with the dark side of computers. Illicit activities leave some traces on computer hard discs, and their recovery is a tough process that requires special skills and special forensics tools. Depending on the institution that organizes the courses, computer forensics training could take a few months or a whole year. There are also some admittance conditions for people eager to become specialists in such applied sciences.

The admittance requirements differ from case to case, because not all computer forensics training programs share the same specificity. While for some cases, applicants need to have a good understanding of the Windows Operating System, for others, deep knowledge of computer science is necessary. Don’t be surprised if a computer science degree is necessary for advanced computer forensics training. In case you have experience with information security or you’ve worked as a network or Windows administrator, you can also qualify for certain levels of training. Depending on what course you attend, at graduation you will receive certification and, from case to case, special toolkits as well.

The certification gives you the authority to perform forensics investigations and collaborate to criminal justice cases. The custom computer forensics training could thus help one make a decent living by working with various companies and corporations. In a wider picture, graduates from academic computer forensics training often get jobs in national organizations that cover national data security problems at different levels of intelligence. What needs to be mentioned here is that only the best of the best get in such positions, and the road up there is really paved with challenges and tons of hard work.

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Enjoy Your Journey To The Fullest With A Travel Cover

Traveling helps you gain new experiences of life, it displays the tradition and custom across the world. It refreshes you from the everyday hectic schedule. The trip will surely give you a new dimension of life. Obliviously, whether you travel with family or alone, business trip or government job purpose, you want the trip to be fun filled and with ease. What wants to encounter trouble while travelling distant countries, cut off from your familiar surroundings? For a moment there will a panic button pressed in your minds. However, unexpected situations do come up and you have to be prepared for them. Accidents, illness, theft, an emergency situation like flight delays, riots, terrorist attacks at the airport might erupt anytime and so you have to be planned to face such situations. To avoid such as unwanted situation and stay financially equipped to combat it, owning best travel insurance would be the masterstroke.
The article discusses some situation that will make you realize how travel insurance can be handy:
Accident/Illness
While nothing may go wrong, but if something bad were to happen you may suffer an injury else fall critically ill due to bad weather as such and needs to be hospitalized. Imagine the costs that would incur on medical treatment in the foreign country. It will make a huge hole in your pockets. A good travel plan will just help you to take care of such contingency and a major portion of your medical expenses will be covered.
Financial Emergency
In case your hotel room gets burglarized, wherein you get robbed or baggage is stolen, then obviously you cannot travel as your passport important documents were kept inside. The result would be you would have to stay for few extra days. Naturally, it will incur costs to protect you from this unexpected financial hit, your policy will provide assistance for these incidents. Your financial emergency assistance will also help you during a loss of travel funds.

Personal Liability
Many times accident happen unexpectedly, you may not be the victim but could help liable for damage or injury caused, in that situation. The mishap is as such that resulted in injury to someone or damage to someone’s property. At such point of time, your Best travel insurance will come to your rescue. It will take care of third party liability cover and make your free from any form of tension during your journey giving a peaceful and enjoying experience.
These day online sites offer travel insurance policies with varied benefits and features. You can visit the comparison sites and compare them in terms of benefits & features, claim settlement ratio, terms, and conditions, etc. and then go for suitable purchase.
Purchasing Best travel insurance online is all about providing travellers an ideal cover against financial emergencies and uncertainties right from the comfort of your home or offices. However, certain factors which one should look for while zeroing the policy would be:
Covers entire patient hospitalization along with daily allowance
Personal accident covers in case of permanent disability/death
Cover for contingencies related to personal possession
Cover baggage, documentation visa or passport loss
Covers Expenses related to trip delays/ hotel accommodation, trip cancellation
So, buy your Best travel insurance policy today for creating happy memories in while traveling abroad!

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An Information Technology Degree And An Open Door

Of all the most sought-after degree programs there are, the information technology degree is the one that is currently in the hotseat. Information technology is a branch of engineering that basically has to do with utilizing computers and their software to exchange, process and save information. Because there are different types of technology available, there are several different types of IT professionals.

The word technology is widespread now and covers a vast array of different applications; and it would seem that those applications are almost limitless. From working on computers as a systems analyst to selling computer systems based on a strong foundation of knowledge, getting a degree in information technology can be just the thing to not only push a career forward but give a person just that much more of an edge over their competition.

An assortment of specialized areas in information technology allows for the everchanging and evergrowing needs in the field to be met without alteration. A qualified individual in any one of the IT areas will be able to provide a company with a level of optimum productivity; especially when the learned skills are mixed with the basic fundamentals of business and their applications. It is no secret that employers tend to look for prospective employees who can provide a strong foundation in order to keep operations smooth.

Project management theory, computer programming, database and network systems are only just a few of the lessons that apply to getting an information technology degree. Hands-on training is great for building confidence and provides a level of comfort when entering a professional work environment. Professional certifications and dual degree programs can not only upgrade IT degrees, they can boost resumes and help to achieve the earning power that one has been looking for. A fully certified IT professional with a degree can expect to make $45,000 per year and up.

As this is one of the fastest growing fields around (and it looks to stay that way), there is always a need for those skilled in information technology. One would be hard pressed to find any area of everyday life where computers aren’t already in use; and that is why the demand is and will always be what it is. An added plus is that with the use of computers being so widespread, there is hardly any place on the map a person can go that doesn’t need workers with an IT degree.

With computers and technology, the learning is never done. As the demand continues to grow and change, so will the technology that complements our every day life. The person seeking a degree in information technology must be truly interested in computers and have a thirst for knowledge. There must be willingness and an aptitude for learning something new as software and technology upgrades itself at an amazing rate. The IT professional is a person who is alert and able to keep up; and better yet, is one step ahead of the game at every turn.

The person who has taken the time to earn his or her information technology degree will have opened the door to a career path that is wide and all encompassing. While one path in information technology may be right, that path can often lead to others; and the more skills behind a person the more well rounded and better off they’ll be in their career. Information technology has come a long way and will continue on for many years to come. It is definitely one of those professions that will have the opportunity to see what tomorrow brings, today.

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Things To Keep In Mind Before Choosing An Seo Company

Before you choose the company you want to entrust you SEO efforts to, here are a couple of things to keep in mind.
Focus on someone who can provide you with long-term value
It is important that you understand that SEO isn’t a magic wand that will just wave and results will be delivered to your doorstep overnight. Any SEO company that promises that is lying through their teeth. You need to choose an SEO company that will be a long-term partner in your SEO efforts, and not just someone who is a task-based service provider. Through good SEO work, you will be able to acquire more sales or leads for your business. Your SEO partner should therefore recommend more strategies to help you reach your goals faster. If you assume SEO to be a one-time process, you are sadly mistaken. And if you believe an SEO company who tells you that, you’re in for a world of trouble.
Meet the team who will be responsible for your SEO efforts
The basis of any successful marketing campaign is the communication between the client and the team that executes the marketing message. It is important therefore, to meet and communicate first hand with the team that will be working on your SEO. The person who has pitched the SEO campaign to you will most likely not be the person to actually work on it. So insist on meeting the team before you sign on any dotted line, just so that you can see how the processes of the organisation flows. Discus with the team how frequently you can expect updates and metrics on your SEO campaign and the level of detail that your scheduled communication will comprise. SEO efforts often take month to show results and during this time, it is important to have a steady flow of communication with your SEO company.
Define the accountability of the SEO project
While SEO is a bit of an intangible and abstract concept, the results of an SEO campaign are very real. But herein lies the problem, because the processes that an SEO company follows to arrive at those results is often difficult to value and understand. You should be able to have some visibility in the effort that is being put in by your SEO company. It is important to create an accountability plan to gauge results. This could be in the form on an online project management system where you can see the task recorded and the hours being logged or it could be in the form of excel spreadsheets for logging time and defining tasks. While the mechanism isn’t important, what is, is to define a plan for accountability and to stick by it. This plan should be woven into your communication plan to ensure maximum satisfaction. You may not see the value in having an accountability plan when things are progressing well, but it helps you to prepare for any obstacles you might face in the future.

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Think Twice Before Betting With Any Company

The dream of being a millionaire keeps calling the moment your take a step in the 10 bet sign up. The Free exercise comes with bonus for you to enjoy on becoming a member of the online betting site. The odds that are over two provide you with the best opportunity to make a fortune out life in the shortest time you can imagine. The Unibet review is another best alternative for you as long as you have some money and you are well versed with the twists and the turns in the sporting activities across the entire world. You might ask yourself whether it is possible to run a betting company just like the Unibet review. It only happens when you are aware of the logistics behind the risks that comes with running the company.

The risk worth taking

One should not fear losing so that you avoid the 10 bet sign up. The level of risk is definitely quite high but there is a way to go about the same. Arbitrage has been one of the biggest tools in the gaming exercises since time immemorial. A clear review of the past head-to-head encounter presents one with the right view of predicting the likely result. Although it is not necessary that the past will influence what happens in the game but it will �help you to tell probability of coming up with a certain outcome at the end of the sporting activities.

It is not professional for one to keep their entire investment in terms of money in a particular bet. The diversification of one’s portfolios becomes very critical at this point. When you have taken up on 10, bet sigh up it does not prevent you from being an account holder with Unibet review or any other online betting sites. The choice of the one to use will depend upon the odds given to each gaming activities.

Because of the probability of making the right predictions in certain events being high, the odds of such activities in most cases are low on the side where the outcome is likely to go at the end. In such cases, the amount you can use on a particular event is also limited to certain amount that one has not to exceed lest the company loses a lot of money within the shortest period.

Legal matters in betting

The Unibet and the 10 bet sign up are sites that have acquired licensing from their respective countries. This serves as a precaution to those who are new in the betting site about the companies that are mushrooming up because they have noticed there is a lot generated from the betting exercise. Before you sign up with any of them I, try to find out what the basic facts about the betting institution so that you avoid being a victim of circumstances. The choice of the best company in terms of odds can be very helpful to you in the dream [of creating wealth from such a risky venture that many will avoid.

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Celebrate All Your Parties In A Best Private Steak Restaurant

Steak Restaurants offer more than food, they boosts people’s inner tastes in fully descent forms. New York City citizens have active impression about foods, music and clothing, but few attitudes reveal more than an individual’s selection of steakhouse. Meat has an important demand, and favored chophouses provide good service, convenient atmosphere and completely cooked steaks.

Charring Requires Precision and Balance:

Most wonderful steak restaurants serve beef with appropriate dignity, but the steak expert who cooks your steak must have a high degree of proficiency. Burning adds the multiple aroma of caramelized meat without any carbon like taste. The perfect class of beef have extreme marbling. Only 1% of U.S. beef makes the cut.

The best qualitative Steakhouse Nyc restaurants keep their beef till maturity to appease selective palates. Dry-aging enhances essence and cracks down tissues, so steaks become more delicate. This method needs definite temperatures and controlled storage for several days or weeks, and danger of spoilage and depreciation add to the amount of aging. Many of the restaurants use wet-aging measures, vacuum-packing the meat and let it to age without the exposure of bacterial infection from inaccurate storage settings.

Extreme steaks require seasoning, but equity remains essential. The plain aroma of butter, vinegars and acidic-accomplish fluids help to sticker juices and balance flavors. broken pepper, sea salt and named herbs add extra-ordinary taste that also allow the burn flavors to suppress.

Best Steak Restaurants New York City:

Selecting your favored Steakhouse depending upon a lot of circumstances. Some restaurants like fine steak restaurants and general side items that permit the beef as the acknowledged star of the meal. The publicly legitimate might choose restaurants that provide several collection for other guests on exclusive diets, and New York City diners can search for accurate mixture of atmosphere, professional food-formation ability and variation in food list. The subsequent formation always influence by supplying exceptional steak analysis.

Going to a steak restaurant is a tremendous form to observe or enjoy any function in one’s life. With a special party, the complete restaurant or a part of it can be booked for a great group of people. This is a appropriate way to give thanks, expand the good joy and revitalize with the people who figure into one’s life.

The over-all environment of a steakhouse makes people choose this type of dining place for specific moments like baptisms, weddings and birthday anniversaries. Of course, these aren’t the only type of functions that are important in giving a private steak banquet for. However, throwing a celebration party in a good restaurant with gourmet food conveys a celebration of huge attention.

The publicly legitimate might choose restaurants that provide several collection for other guests on exclusive diets, and New York City diners can search for accurate mixture of atmosphere, professional food-formation ability and variation in food list. The subsequent formation always influence by supplying exceptional steak analysis.

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